The Fifth International Conference
Oman’s Relationships with the Countries of the Horn of Africa
in the Historical, Economic, Social, and Cultural Aspects
Republic of the Union of the Comoros Islands, 6-8 December 2016
The conference aims to examine Oman’s relationships with the countries of the Horn of Africa, including in-depth study of the region’s political, economic, social and civilizational and cultural history. This includes elements of unity among the territories, and the richness of diversity in their communities, and the continuous change in the customs and traditions, which enriched the population coexistence of cultural and urban life. This confirms the mutual view between the Sultanate of Oman and the countries of the Horn of Africa, which highlights these aspects and the embodiment of this relationship, the continuation, development of communication, and brotherhood. This has resulted in having strong family ties between these communities. This also highlights the cultural interaction in drawing paths for relationships between Oman and the countries of the Horn of Africa.
Therefore, the National Records and Archives Authority (NRAA), Sultanate of Oman, decided to organize this international conference to review the march of history and culture of Oman and the countries of the Horn of Africa. By searching for the roots and references of historical evolution, history is a repository of experience which reveals facts that one must make full use of. Indeed, this can be realized by resorting to original references and sources, in an effort to write a comprehensive history that is based on a thorough and scientific approach. Due to the lack of references and research findings in Arabic and foreign libraries, as well as the lack of awareness of the Omani presence and its contributions to these areas, and fear of the absence of the Omani cultural and historic achievements the need for compiling such heritage has been felt. Therefore, this conference will focus on presenting research papers that examine parts of the cultural aspects of Oman and its humanitarian contributions to human civilization in these areas. It will also be an important asset that highlights this significant part of history, investigated by scholars and researchers from different parts of the world.
Objectives of the Conference
- Identifying the importance of the Omani relationships with the countries of the Horn of Africa (including the Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia, in addition to “Socotra”) in the service of African issues and identifying ways to consolidate such relationships
- Assessing the role of the Sultanate of Zanzibar and its ties with the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Analysing historical and cultural dimensions in Asia and Africa
- Studying the scope of the Omani diplomatic relations with the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Focusing on the cultural role played by Oman over historical periods
- Shedding light on the economic, social, political and cultural transformations in the regions of the countries of the Horn of Africa, as well as the Omani role and its impact on these areas
- Studying migrations of Omani tribes, and the extent of their impact on the convergence of population with its diversity in regions of the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Analysing the role of European relations, such as French and British relationships with the different Sultans of Oman in Zanzibar, and the impact on Omani relations with the countries of the Horn of Africa
- The impact of the Omani and Islamic civilization in East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa, with respect to archaeological sites, Oman’s maritime activity, architecture, art, writings, inscriptions, civilian facilities, such as mosques, palaces; and military, such as castles and fences
- The business relationship that the Omanis established between ports in East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Evaluation of intellectual contributions in its various forms in East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- The study of the political and economic relationship between the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the countries of the Horn of Africa.
- Geographical and Population Theme
- Historical and Political Theme
- Literary, Linguistic and Cultural Theme
- Economic and Social Theme
- Documents, Manuscripts and Archeological Theme.
The conference aims to achieve its objectives through the following main themes:
First: The Geographical and Population Theme
- Examining the role of climatic and geographical conditions in deepening communication between the Omanis and the countries of the Horn of Africa (including Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia, in addition to “Socotra”)
- Identifying the role of the Omani tribal migrations and its importance for the regions of the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Examining the population roots, and studying the impact of migrations on the nature of the relations between the population and its diversity
- Studying the importance of the cities founded by the Omani immigrants in East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Investigating the importance of maritime traffic and communication between the Omani ports and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Highlighting and analysing the role of Oman geographical location, and its links with the neighboring countries in various ancient and modern times, particularly with the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Determining the importance of the Omani human role in exploring cities, towns and important ports on the shores of the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Arabian Gulf
- Analysing the demographic composition of the population and its impact on the natural environment in Oman, East Africa, and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Studying the environmental and climatic conditions, such as rain, drought, hurricanes, accidents, disasters, famines and epidemics.
Secondly: The Historical and Political Theme
- Examining the role of Omani traders and Muslims in spreading Islam in the Horn of Africa countries (including Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia, in addition to “Socotra”)
- Highlighting and assessing the role of the spread of Islam and the Islamic kingdoms in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Identifying the impact of foreign occupation on the economic and social networking with Oman, the Sultanate of Zanzibar, and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Studying the pattern of relationships between the Sultanate of Zanzibar and its neighboring regions, including the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Highlighting and analysing the importance of communication between the Sultanate of Zanzibar and Oman, as well as its impact in strengthening the family and civil relations between the two parts of East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa.
Thirdly: The Literary, Linguistic and Cultural Theme
- Analysing and highlighting the role of scientific and cultural activities including writing movement, the educational system, its methods and institutions in East Africa and the countries Horn of Africa (such as the Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia, in addition to “Socotra”)
- Investigating the impact of the Arabic language on the languages of the countries of the Horn of Africa and its relationship with the local languages
- Literary and linguistic analysis of the role of poetry and ancient writings in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Studying the effect of the speech prose in the local culture in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Analysing and highlighting the role of travelling in enriching the literary and cultural knowledge in East Africa, and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Evaluating the factors that led to the use of local dialects in the countries of the Horn of Africa countries.
Fourthly: The Economic and Social Theme
- Investigating and analysing the role of Omani merchants and scientists in spreading Islam, and Arab culture in the countries of Horn of Africa
- Highlighting the role of Islam and Muslims in the countries of the Horn of Africa (including Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia, in addition to “Socotra”)
- Identifying Omani business activities in the countries of the Horn of Africa, and their impact on social and economic life
- Studying the impact of the interaction of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the recovery of agricultural, commercial and social activities, including importing and exporting of products between the Omanis and the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Identifying the types of Omani merchant ships and their impact on economic and commercial life
- Endowment and types in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Analysis of the social and economic implications for religious occasions, such as the Birth of the Prophet, the Prophet’s Migration, religious holidays, and the Gregorian date in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Defining the role of the judiciary and the Islamic courts in everyday life in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Studying and highlighting the common dominators between the components of society in the countries of the Horn of Africa.
Fifthly: The Documents, Manuscripts and Archeological Theme
- Examining the importance of documents in the field of preservation, maintenance and securing the national memory for the countries of the Horn of Africa (including Comoros Islands, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Djibouti, and Somalia Islands, in addition to “Socotra”)
- Analysing the European interaction and its impact on the contents of the documents and manuscripts in the countries of the Horn of Africa
- Determining the significance of the manuscripts in preserving historical and jurisprudential, literary and linguistic aspects
- Examining the results of what has been monitored through the documents and archeology, as well as the impact of Omani Islamic architecture in the Islamic mosques, walls, castles, forts, palaces, and houses in East Africa and the countries of the Horn of Africa.
Conference Location: Union of the Comoros Islands
Dates: Tuesday-Thursday (6-8 December 2016)
Conditions for Participation in the Conference:
The submitted research paper shall comply to the following terms:
- It should be authentic, innovative, directly relevant to the conference’s themes and stated if it was published or delivered in previous conferences.
- It should not be published or delivered in previous conferences.
- Research paper should be written in a clear and suitable manner for international audience of academicians, decision makers and practitioners.
- The abstract of the research paper should consist of about 250 words, and in both Arabic and English.
- The research paper should consist of maximum 5000 words including references and notes.
- Only one researcher should participate in each research.
- Both Arabic and English Research should be in font of Times New Roman, in size 16” for title, 14” for headlines, and 12” for the body.
- A researcher is allowed to participate in one research only.
- Research should be submitted typed in a CD or sent via email.
- The scientific committee has the right to reject any research paper that does not meet the scientific conditions.
- The accepted research papers will be published in a special book with accordance of the recommendations of the scientific committee; and the organizing body only reserves its copyrights.
- Footnotes and references notes should be included in according to the attached Appendix: “Note to Authors for English and Arabic Manuscripts“
- Participation form should be filled as the following:
- Personal information
- New personal photo
- Research paper abstract in both English and Arabic
- Bio-data in both English and Arabic
- A copy of passport valid at least until the mid of 2017
Deadlines for Participation in the Conference :
- Each conferencepaper should focus on one of the above-mentioned conference themes.
- Please, email the completed Participation Form and attachments to: firstname.lastname@example.org
The form should be accompanied by a copy of a valid passport for more than six month and by a personal photo
- The deadline for receiving the Participation Form and abstract is on 18 June 2016.
- Applicants for participation in the conference, whose abstracts are accepted, will be on notified by 27 June 2016.
- Complete papers should be received by the Scientific Committee of the Conference not later than 30 September, 2016.
- Scientific Committee of the Conference & the Editorial Committee’s decision to accept the complete paper will be sent by 23 October 2016.
For further inquiries and information about the conference, please communicate via the following email: email@example.com or contact phone number:
(+968) 24130334 / 24130340
Note to Authors for English and Arabic Manuscripts
Papers should be original. If there is overlap with material published elsewhere, details should be given.
Papers should be written in easily accessible style, suitable for international audience of academics, policy makers ad PR actioners.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences, such as history, geography, political science, literature and linguistics.
APA style dictates that authors are named last name followed by initials; publication year goes between parentheses, followed by a period. The title of the article is in sentence-case, meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized. If a digital object identifier (DOI) has been assigned to the article that you are using, you should include this after the page numbers for the article. If no DOI has been assigned and you are accessing the periodical online, use the URL of the website from which you are retrieving the periodical.
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. doi:http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
Article in Journal Paginated by Volume
Journals that are paginated by volume begin with page one in issue one, and continue numbering issue two where issue one ended, etc.
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Article in Journal Paginated by Issue
Journals paginated by issue begin with page one every issue; therefore, the issue number gets indicated in parentheses after the volume. The parentheses and issue number are not italicized or underlined.
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.
Article in a Magazine
Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28-31.Article in a Newspaper
Unlike other periodicals, p. or pp. precedes page numbers for a newspaper reference in APA style. Single pages take p., e.g., p. B2; multiple pages take pp., e.g., pp. B2, B4 or pp. C1, C3-C4.
Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.
Note: Because of issues with html coding, the listings below using brackets contain spaces that are not to be used with your listings. Use a space as normal before the brackets, but do not include a space following the bracket.
Letter to the Editor
Moller, G. (2002, August). Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to the editor]. Scientific American, 287(2), 12.
Baumeister, R. F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The self-knower: A hero under control, by R. A. Wicklund & M. Eckert]. Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466-467.
Submissions should be emailed as Word documents, formatted as standard A4 single lined spaced. Please do not indent new paragraphs. Insert a blank line between paragraphs. Do not include any styles in the style sheet other than normal for all text (12pt Times/Times Roman, unjustified), use only three levels (Level 1 – 14pt Times bold; Level 2 – 12pt Times bold; Level 3 – 12pt Times, bold, italic). Please, ensure all non-default styles are deleted.